Ulubeka njani uludwe lweencwadi kuxwebhu lweWord

ibhibliyografi yamagama

I-annotated bibliography yinxalenye ebalulekileyo yalo naliphi na iphepha lophando okanye iphepha le-scholarly. Yinto engenakwenziwa nangayiphi na indlela, ekubeni ukusebenzisa indlela engafanelekanga kunokushiya umbhali woxwebhu kwindawo embi kakhulu. Ngethamsanqa, inkqubo yamagama kaMicrosoft isinceda ukuba siyilungise. Kule post sichaza indlela yokubeka ibhibliyografi ngegama ngokuchanekileyo.

Kodwa okokuqala, kuyafuneka ukuba uchaze kanye ukuba yintoni na ibhibliyografi kwaye kutheni ibaluleke kangaka kuwo nawuphi na umsebenzi wophando ozihloniphayo, nokuba ngumsebenzi weziko ukunyusa ibakala okanye ithisisi yobugqirha. Ingcamango iyafana.

Yintoni ibhibliyografi?

Ngengqiqo ebanzi, ibhibliyografi yingqokelela ye imithombo yamaxwebhu ekhapha iphepha okanye inqaku lophando. Nangona eli gama libhekisa ngokucacileyo iincwadingokwenene le mithombo Zisenokuba zedijithali okanye i-audiovisual.

ibhibliyografi Ngokuqhelekileyo ifakwe ekupheleni koxwebhu kwaye inokuodolwa ngokwemiqathango eyahlukeneyo, kodwa isoloko inendlela efanelekileyo kuhlobo loxwebhu olunikezelweyo. Ngaphezu koko, kukho ezahlukeneyo izimbo zocaphulo (APA, Vancouver, Chicago, Harvard, MLA, njl.). Kwimimiselo yayo, iyunivesiti nganye imisela ukuba yeyiphi indlela ekufuneka isetyenziswe xa ibandakanya ibhayibhiliyografi kumaxwebhu ayo.

Yenza ibhibliyografi kwiLizwi: izicatshulwa kunye neereferensi

ibhayografi ngokwelizwi

Ukwenza i-biography ebeka ukugqiba umsebenzi obhaliweyo ngumsebenzi olula ngokubonga ngoncedo lwe Igama leMicrosoft. Ukuba silandela izikhokelo ezifanelekileyo, umphumo uya kuba oqaqambileyo. Makhe sibone ukuba yenziwa njani:

Into yokuqala yokwenza kukuba beka ikhesa kwiphepha lokugqibela loxwebhu, emva kombhalo. Ngale ndlela, i-bibliography esiza kuyifaka iya kubonakala kwindawo echanekileyo: ekupheleni koxwebhu, njenge-appendix. Nje ukuba kwenziwe oku, oku kulandelayo kufuneka kwenziwe:

  1. Kwimenyu yokukhetha, sikhetha ithebhu "Izalathiso".
  2. Ngoku siza kuya "Uhlobo", apho sikhetha uhlobo lwesimbo sokucaphula esiya kusisebenzisa.
  3. Emva koko siya kuthi "faka isicatshulwa".
  4. Ekugqibeleni, sikhetha "Yongeza umthombo omtsha" kwaye sigqibezela ulwazi olufanayo.

Ngala manyathelo mane siya kube simisele ulungelelwaniso esiza kulusebenzisa kuluhlu lweencwadi kuxwebhu lwethu. Ukukhethwa kwesimbo kunye nefonti kunokuxhomekeka kakhulu kwiimfuno zomntu okanye umbutho phambi kokuba uxwebhu lunikezelwe ngokwezinto esizithandayo kunye neembekiselo.

Emva kokuseta iiparamitha, yile ndlela esiya kuthi sifake ngayo izicatshulwa kunye neembekiselo kwibhibliyografi yethu kwiLizwi ngokulandela la manyathelo:

  1. Okokuqala sibeka ikhesa ekupheleni kokubhala esifuna ukucaphula.
  2. Emva koko sicofa "IiReferensi".
  3. Emva koko siya kuthi "faka isicatshulwa" kwaye sikhetha umthombo esiwucaphulayo.
  4. Ekugqibeleni, ukongeza ezinye iinkcukacha, sicofa "Ukhetho lokuqeshwa" kwaye emva koko "Hlela idinga".

Yenza ibhibliyografi ngaphandle kokucaphula okanye iimbekiselo

Le ndlela yokubonisa i-bibliography kuxwebhu olubhaliweyo ilula kakhulu kwaye ixhaphake kakhulu. Ibandakanya ngokulula ukwenza uluhlu kunye nemithombo ekhankanyiweyo kuxwebhu. Ukwenza oku, kufuneka wenze izinto ezimbini kuphela:

  1. Okokuqala sibeka i isikhombisi kwindawo yoxwebhu apho sifuna ukubandakanya i-bibliography (sele sithe indawo engcono kakhulu kukuphela).
  2. Emva koko siya kuthi "IiReferensi" Ukusuka apho uye "Uluhlu lweencwadi", apho sikhetha ifomathi.

Iifomathi zeBibliography

ibhayografi

Nje ukuba kwenziwe oku, sinokudwelisa i-bibliography yethu ngokulandela imigaqo esisiseko eyamkelekileyo yokwenza oko. Iimbekiselo zebhayibhiliyografi mazinikezelwe ngokulandelelana kwealfabhethi kwaye zibandakanye izinto ezingathandabuzekiyo zokuchonga uxwebhu olukhankanyiweyo: umbhali, isihloko, umhla, umpapashi, njl.

ezi zimbini eyona isetyenziswayo kunye nefomati ezaziwayo. Ukukhetha enye okanye enye kuya kuxhomekeka kakhulu kubume boxwebhu:

APA

Imigangatho yeAPA (American Psychological Association) kunxibelelwano lwezifundiswa sebenzisa inkqubo yombhali weHarvard yomhla wokucaphula okubhaliweyo. Ngale ndlela, ekupheleni koxwebhu iimbekiselo zebhayibhilografi zifakelwe, zisoloko zicwangciswa ngokwealfabhethi ngegama lokugqibela lombhali wokuqala womsebenzi ngamnye.

Ukuba sisireferensi sebhayibhilografi: Ifani yombhali, isiqalo segama lokuqala. (Unyaka wokupapashwa). Isihloko sencwadi ekekeleyo. Isixeko kunye nelizwe. Inqaku lomhleli. Umzekelo:

Lansing, A. (1959) Unyamezelo: Uhambo olumangalisayo lukaShackleton. eLondon, eUnited Kingdom. Abapapashi bamazwe ngamazwe.

Ukuba liphepha lewebhu, umyalelo ngulo: Igama lenqaku. (Umhla wokupapashwa okanye ngaphandle komhla "sf"). Igama lewebhu portal ngoonobumba abakekeleyo. Igama lombhali (ukuba ikwangulo mpapashi wewebhusayithi, oku makungafakwa) Ifunyenwe kwi: URL yesiza.

Vancouver

Imigangatho yesimbo seVancouver yokubonisa ibhibliyografi yahluke kancinane kuleyo ye-APA, nangona isetyenziswa ngokulinganayo kumazwe ngamazwe nakwiinkalo ezininzi ezahlukeneyo. Zezi:

Ukucaphula incwadi epheleleyo: Umbhali okanye ababhali. Isihloko sencwadi. Uhlelo. Indawo yopapasho (isixeko): Inqaku lomhleli; unyaka. Ukusebenzisa umzekelo ofanayo ukusuka kwicandelo langaphambili, kuya kuba ngolu hlobo:

Lansing, A. Endurance: Uhambo olumangalisayo lukaShackleton. eLondon: Abapapashi beZizwe ngezizwe; 1959

Ngakolunye uhlangothi, xa kuziwa kwinqaku kwiphepha lewebhu, umyalelo ochanekileyo ngulo: Umbhali okanye ababhali. Isihloko somsebenzi [i-Intanethi]. Indawo yopapasho (isixeko): Inqaku lomhleli; Umhla wokupapashwa [kuphononongwe/kuboniswane (umhla)]. Iyafumaneka: (ikhonkco).

Iingcebiso zokulungiselela ubhaloyografi ngokuchanekileyo

Kufanelekile ukugxininisa kwingcamango yokuba indlela yokuziphatha kunye nendlela yokuqokelela imithombo yolwazi esetyenzisiweyo Zibalulekile ukwenza ubhalo zincwadi lomsebenzi ngokuchanekileyo. Ndiyathetha, iyabonakala. Akufunekanga siphulukane nombono wokuba uncwadi lweencwadi kufuneka lube luluhlu olupheleleyo noluthembekileyo lwayo yonke imithombo esetyenzisiweyo ukwenza umsebenzi. Iireferensi zebhayibhilografi (iincwadi, amanqaku, njl.njl.) zezona zinto ziphambili, nangona ezinye imathiriyeli ezifana namaphepha ewebhu kunye nokucaphula kwiinethiwekhi zentlalo zinokuqukwa.

Ukuphumelela kwinjongo yethu yokubeka i-bibliography kwi-Word, nazi ezinye iingcebiso eziluncedo:

  • Yonke imithombo yolwazi ethe yasetyenziswa ngexesha lenkqubo yophando mayiqatshelwe.
  • Kubalulekile ukusebenzisa ifomathi efanelekileyo kwireferensi nganye.
  • Ungalibali ukubandakanya yonke imithombo yolwazi ekhankanyiweyo kuxwebhu.

Shiya uluvo lwakho

Idilesi yakho ye email aziyi kupapashwa. ezidingekayo ziphawulwe *

*

*

  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.