Izisombululo zePC "Bottleneck" ingxaki

ibhotile

Kukho izizathu ezininzi zokuba ikhompyutha isebenza kancinane kakhulu. Enye yeyona nto yoyikwa kakhulu yingxaki abasebenzisi abayaziyo ngegama layo Ingxaki yePC. Oku kwenzeka rhoqo xa sizama ukuhlaziya i-hardware ukulungelelanisa izixhobo zethu kwiimfuno ezintsha okanye xa sidlala umdlalo onzima kakhulu, nangona eneneni unokuvela nangaliphi na ixesha.

Kwinqaku lethu siza kubona into esinokuyenza ukuxilonga ingxaki kwaye, ngaphezu kwayo yonke, zeziphi iindlela ezifanelekileyo zokuyicombulula. Kodwa kuqala kufuneka sazi kakuhle ukuba kuqhubeka ntoni. Qhubeka, kwiimeko ezininzi, kukho isisombululo.

Yintoni i-"bhottleneck"?

Kwijargon esetyenziswa ngamagcisa ekhompyuter, oku kwaziwa ngokuba yi "PC bottleneck" (PC Bottleneck in English) kwimeko eyenzekayo xa nawaphi na amalungu angaphakathi ekhompyuter esebenza ngesantya esisezantsi kakhulu kunezinye. Ngokungathi kwiokhestra yesymphony kwakukho isixhobo esidlala ngesingqi esahlukileyo, siphula imvisiswano yonke.

Ingxaki yePC

Iziphumo zolu kungalingani kukuba ngamanye amaxesha iPC ibonakala ibambekile, ide ibe ngumkhenkce, into echaphazela kakubi ukusebenza kwayo ngokubanzi.

El i-bottleneck isifaniso iyachaza kwaye isinceda siqonde ukuba yintoni kanye eyenzekayo kwikhompyuter yethu. Emazantsi ebhotile, leyo ibanzi kakhulu, i-liquid inendawo eninzi yokuhamba ngokukhululekileyo. Kwelinye icala, ukuba sijika ibhotile, ulwelo luya kugxalathelana ukuya kweyona ndawo imxinwa. Ngaloo ndlela, xa kufikwa ekugaleleni ulwelo, aluyi kuphuma nalo lonke ulwelo olufunekayo.

KwiPC kukho izinto ezininzi ezikwaziyo ukuphatha idatha ngesantya esiphezulu, ngaloo ndlela kugcinwe unxibelelwano olukhawulezayo kunye namanye amacandelo. Kodwa xa ukuhanjiswa kwedatha kungena kwicandelo elicothayo okanye elingasebenzi njengoko kulindelekile, ukuhamba komsebenzi kuyacotha, ukucothisa iinkqubo eziqhutywa yikhompyuter. Kwezinye iimeko kunokude kukukhubaze.

Iimpawu zokuba sijongene ne-bottleneck ye-PC

Ukusebenza kwekhompyuter yeyona nto isinika umkhondo osilumkisa ukuba sinokuba sikhathazwa "kwibhodlo". Ezi zezinye ze iimpawu oko kufuneka kucime ii-alam zethu:

  • Ikhompyuter yethu ihlala "ixhonyiwe" ngaphandle kwesizathu, okanye ngescreen esinomkhenkce.
  • Ukuqalisa okanye ukuqalisa kuthatha ixesha elide kakhulu.
  • Umsebenzi uyacotha, naxa sisenza imisebenzi elula.
  • Iinkqubo zithatha ixesha elide ukuvula nokuvala.
  • Imidlalo inemiba ye-lag kunye nokuwa.

i-bottleneck calculator

bala ibhotile entanyeni

Kwi-Intanethi kukho ezinye izixhobo ezisebenzayo kakhulu kwi-intanethi ukuchonga olu hlobo lwengxaki. Kwaye kwakhona ukuyinqanda. Zibizwa ngokuba “ziikhalityhuleyitha zebhodlela”. Phakathi kwezona zibalaseleyo kwaye zithandwa kakhulu, kufuneka sikhankanye enye kwiwebhu PC Yakha Amaza ka CPU Agent.

Zisebenza njani ezi khalityhuleyitha? Kulula kakhulu. Njengoko sibonisa kulo mfanekiso ungentla, yinto nje yokufaka uluhlu lwedatha kunye neempawu zePC yethu: i uhlobo lweprosesa, Ikhadi lemifanekiso, isisombululo sesikrini, njl. Emva koko kufuneka ukhethe uhlobo lomsebenzi ofuna ukuwenza ngolu qwalaselo kwaye ucofe iqhosha elithi "Bala" ukuvavanya umphumo. Oku kuchazwa njengepesenti yamathuba akhoyo okuba enye yezi ntsilelo iya kwenzeka.

Kufuneka kuthiwe iziphumo zezi zibalo azikho ikhulu leepesenti ezichanekileyo, nangona zithembeke ngokwaneleyo ukuba zikwazi ukuseka ukuxilongwa kakuhle kwimeko.

Okunye enye indlela ukuchonga ingxaki kukuvula umphathi womsebenzi nge Ctrl + Alt + Cima indibaniselwano yesitshixo kwaye ujonge amacandelo nganye nganye kwithebhu yokusebenza.

Makwenziwe phi ukusombulula ingxaki

ibhotile

Iindlela ezikhankanywe ngasentla ziya kusinika inkcazo malunga nokuba kufuneka singenelele phi ukuze silahle i-bottleneck ye-PC. Le ngxaki idla ngokuvela kakhulu phakathi kwe-CPU kunye ne-GPU, Kusengqiqweni, ukuba siyayeka ukucinga ngayo, kuba la macandelo mabini enza owona mzamo mkhulu wokubala kwaye asoloko etshintshiselana ngolwazi. Kodwa imvelaphi isenokuba kwenye indawo. Kwicandelo ngalinye elisilelayo, kukho isisombululo esinokuzama ukusisebenzisa:

ICPU

Ukuba impazamo ikwi-CPU, eyona nto isebenzayo kukuyenza ukunciphisa umsebenzi esiwabelayo. Kukho iindlela ezisebenzayo zokwenza oko: vala iinkqubo esingazisebenzisiyo ngomphathi womsebenzi okanye ukhubaze ezinye zeenkqubo eziqala ngokungagqibekanga ekuqaleni. Kwiimeko ezinzima kakhulu, kuya kufuneka uphinde ucinge ngokutshintsha i-CPU entsha.

GPU

Xa umqobo webhotile ubangelwa leli candelo, kwakhona hzininzi izisombululo esinokuzama: coca ikhadi lemizobo yothuli, guqula izicwangciso zesikrini ukuze wenze "imfuno" encinci, khangela ukuba abaqhubi bekhadi lemifanekiso bahlaziyiweyo, njl. Inyaniso yokusebenzisa isisombululo esisezantsi xa udlala nayo iya kunceda.

Ezinye izinto

Nangona kuyinyani ukuba ixesha elininzi i-bottleneck isonjululwa ngokusebenza kwi-CPU okanye kwi-GPU, kukho amanye amacandelo esingenako ukuwabona:

  • Imemori ye-RAM: Ukuba ayanelanga, kufuneka yandiswe ukuthintela imiqobo. Oku kunokufumaneka kwi "Virtual Memory" ukhetho kwi "Advanced system setting" menu. Enye into enokwenzeka kukwandisa imemori ye-RAM ngesixhobo sangaphandle, ukuba ikhomputha yethu isinika enye i-slot yokufaka.
  • Ukuqhuba nzima: Ukusebenza kwayo nayiphi na i-PC kuphucula kakhulu xa sibuyisela i-hard drive yakho endala nge-SSD. Kukho nokuba nokwenzeka kokuba nee-hard drives ezimbini ezahlukeneyo: "ecothayo" enye yokugcina iifayile kwaye enye "ekhawulezayo" enye yokudlala imidlalo kunye nokuqhuba iinkqubo.
  • Isitya seplate: Kule meko, ukucocwa kakuhle kwe-hob okanye ukutshintshwa kwayo kucetyiswa ukuba imeko iyancipha kakhulu.

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