Yintoni i-BIOS kwaye yintoni umsebenzi wayo kwikhompyuter?

Ujongano lweBIOS

Iikhompyuter ziye zadlula kwinkqubo yendaleko eye yakhokelela ekubeni zifikeleleke ngakumbi kwaye ziqondeke kubasebenzisi. Nangona kunjalo, kukho imiba ebonakala ngathi ihleli ezandleni zeengcali kulo mmandla, ngenxa yobunzima bazo. Nangona oku kuyinyani kuyo nayiphi na indawo, Kwi-computing kuyenzeka ukuthetha ngamagama alula ukuqonda izinto ezininzi. Ngenxa yesi sizathu, namhlanje sifuna ukuyenza ukuze sichaze ukuba yintoni i-BIOS ekhompyutheni kunye nokuba yintoni na.

Ukuba ukhangele indlela yokufaka inkqubo yokusebenza okanye iinkqubo ezinzima ezifana ne-Overclocking, unokuba ufumene ingcamango ye-BIOS. Ngaloo ndlela, nangona kubonakala ngathi isihloko sinzima, siza kukuxelela yonke into ngayo, ngeyona ndlela ilula.

Yintoni iBios?

I-BIOS sisishunqulelo seNkqubo yokuPhumayo eyiSiseko, oko kukuthi, iNgeniso eSisiseko kunye neNkqubo yokuPhuma. Yitshiphu efakwe kwi-motherboard equlathe i-firmware ejongene nokuqhuba uthotho lweenkqubo ezijolise ekulawuleni ukuqaliswa kwekhompyuter, ukusebenza kweenkonzo ezinjengokuhlola ubushushu beprosesa, ukujonga ihardware eqhagamshelweyo, nokunye. 

Ngale ndlela, ludibaniso lwe-hardware kunye nesoftware ngenjongo yokuqinisekisa ukuba ikhomputha idibana nemigangatho emincinci yokuyeka ulawulo kwinkqubo yokusebenza. Kungenxa yoko le nto ukukhupha i-RAM ngokomzekelo kuya kubangela ukuba ikhomputha ingaphumeleli ukujonga i-BIOS.

Imbali ye-BIOS

Igama elithi BIOS laqanjwa ngo-1975 ngokufika kwenkqubo yokusebenza ye-CP/M ngusosayensi wekhompyutha uGary Kidall.. I-Kidall ichaza njenge-BIOS icandelo lenkqubo yakhe eyayiphethe ukuqalisa izixhobo kunye ne-hardware edibeneyo, eqinisekisa ukuba yonke into ichanekile.

Iisistim zokusebenza zakamva nazo zinemodyuli yezi njongo. Nangona kunjalo, kancinci kancinci yaqala ukushiywa kwizandla zechip ezibandakanya ibhodi yomama. Ngale ndlela, i-BIOS yaba ngumqobo wokuqala wokhuseleko wokuqalisa ikhompyuter, ukuthintela ukusebenza kwayo ukuba icandelo eliphambili lilahlekile.

Yiyiphi imisebenzi yeBIOS?

Ukucaca malunga nokuba yintoni i-BIOS kunye nokuba ibe yinxalenye yeekhompyutheni zomntu, kuyafaneleka ukwazi imisebenzi yayo. Ngaloo ndlela, Sinokuthi imisebenzi yale elementi inokwahlulwa ibe ngamaqela amakhulu ama-3: ulawulo lwe-boot, i-hardware itshekhi kunye nokusebenza kwenkonzo.

Apha ngezantsi siza kukuxelela ukuba yintoni nganye kwezi zinto kwaye zilawulwa njani yi-BIOS.

ulawulo lwe-boot

Ulawulo lwe-Boot lusekelwe ekuboneleleni kwayo yonke into eyimfuneko ukuyeka ulawulo lwekhompyutheni kwinkqubo yokusebenza.. Ngaloo ndlela, kukho iindlela ezahlukeneyo zokufezekisa oku: ii-hard drives, ii-CD, iinkumbulo ze-USB kunye nenethiwekhi. Kule meko, i-BIOS ijongene ngokuzenzekelayo kwesi sigqibo ngokusekelwe kuqwalaselo lwangaphambili, apho sichaza umyalelo ophambili wale mithombo yokuqalisa.

jonga izixhobo

Ukujonga i-Hardware yenye indawo apho imisebenzi ye-BIOS ihamba khona. Yindlela enenjongo yokuqinisekisa ukuba yonke i-hardware apho ikhompyuter ixhomekeke ekusebenzeni idityaniswe ngokuchanekileyo kwaye isebenza. Sinomzekelo ocacileyo wale nto kwisaziso sekhompyuter endala xa ivuliwe kwaye ingenayo ikhibhodi exhunyiwe.

Ngale ndlela, ukuba imemori ye-RAM ilahlekile okanye iyasilela okanye ngokungabikho kwe-hard disk, i-BIOS iya kuphosa isilumkiso ekupheleni koqinisekiso.. Kwakhona, kwiimeko ezininzi, ayiyi kuvumela inkqubo yokusebenza ukuba iqale.

Ukuqaliswa kweenkonzo

Iimpawu ezahlukeneyo zeebhodi ze-motherboard zineendlela ezahlukeneyo zokukhetha ezincedisa ulawulo kunye nolawulo lwamacandelo. Ngaloo ndlela, sinokufumana iibhodi ezinokukhethwa kokulawula amandla, ubushushu kunye nokubeka iliso kwisantya, kunye nokunye. Konke oku kusebenze ngokuthe ngqo kwi-BIOS, xa iibhutsi zekhompyuter.

Ngale ndlela, i-BIOS ikwajongene nokuphumeza zonke izinto ezincedisayo ezidityaniswa nebhodi yomama kunye ne-firmware.

Ulawulo nolawulo

Nangona singazange siyikhankanye ngaphambili, kufuneka siqaqambise inkalo yolawulo nolawulo olunikezelwa yiBIOS. Ngokufikelela kuyo, sinethuba lokusebenza kunye nemisebenzi yayo yokulawula, njenge-Overclocking.. Ngokukwanjalo, unokuqwalasela i-odolo ye-boot ukuze uchaze ukuba isoloko iqala ngeezibuko ze-USB, ukuba uyayifuna.

Lo mba weNkqubo yokuNgena kunye nokuPhuma ibaluleke kakhulu kuba iya kukuvumela ukuba ufikelele kulawulo kunye nolwazi oluphambili malunga nenkqubo. Ukungena, kuya kufuneka ufikelele kwiphepha lomenzi ukuze wazi izitshixo okanye indibaniselwano yesitshixo ekhokelela kujongano lwayo.


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